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St Cecilia Catholic

Teaching about equality

Teaching about equality

Protected characteristics

It is against the law to discriminate against someone because of:  

  • age 
  • disability 
  • gender reassignment 
  • marriage and civil partnership 
  • pregnancy and maternity 
  • race 
  • religion or belief 
  • sex 
  • sexual orientation 

These are called Protected Characteristics. In UK law, individuals are protected under the  Equality Act 2010 from these types of discrimination. 

Pope Francis speaks eloquently on this matter in his book, the Name of God is Mercy.

“The Church does not exist to condemn people but to bring about  

an encounter with the visceral love of God’s mercy.  

For the Church to offer God’s mercy it must ‘go outside and look for 

people where they live, where they suffer and where they hope’ 

The enemy of mercifulness is self-righteousness.” 

Pope Francis 

A mission to educate with RSE

In ‘Learning to Love’, a teaching document which provides “An introduction to Catholic Relationship and Sex Education for  Catholic educators”. the Bishops of England and Wales state ‘The content of what is taught must express the teaching of the Church, and should  be delivered to suit the age of the children or young people to whom it is addressed.’ 

Catholic schools, therefore, are not merely permitted by the state to teach about the core values and tenets of the Catholic faith in regard to sex, relationships and married life, it is their mission to do so. This includes the Catholic teaching that God’s plan is for sex to be expressed only within the exclusive marital commitment of a husband and wife.

Life to the Full - our Curriculum Programme for RSE

From the outset, and at all stages of teaching, the core principle on which the Life to the Full programme is based is that we are ‘created, chosen and loved by God’; our equality is ultimately derived from the value we have in God’s eyes as beloved sons and daughters, and we are called to love God, love others and show God’s mercy in our actions. Examples of where this core principle is lived out are too numerous to list because it is integral to very teaching from Early  Years through to Sixth Form, articulated in age-appropriate ways at the various stages throughout the programme. This is the foundation on which any teaching about the Protected Characteristics is based. 

Children will learn about Protected Characteristics developmentally, through primary and in to secondary education. Our delivery has to be age-appropriate and therefore some of the more detailed and challenging aspects of learning in this area is left to secondary schools when children will be developmentally ready to have a full understanding.   In other words, primary schools do not have to teach about the protected characteristics in their entirety; they are, instead, laying strong, age-appropriate foundations for a fully-realised curriculum in later years.  

Our focus has been to inform, present and explain legal rights, underline the fundamental dignity and worth of the person, and outline the erroneous nature of all unjust discrimination. At the same time, in age-appropriate ways, the programme articulates the teaching of the Catholic Church, with especial regard to relationships, sex and marriage. 

The programme for primary schools addresses the protected characteristics in  the following ways: 


The subject of age, and the dignity of the person at all ages, is explored in the unit  Life Cycles (All Key Stages, Module 1 Unit 4). Within these lessons, the programme teaches about the natural progress of life, and teaches that death is part of God’s plan for us. 


We have many learning opportunities throughout our curriculum to discuss disability, from learning about the Paralympics to discussing disability and learning needs in our assemblies.


Gender reassignment:  

The subject is not currently explored in Life to the Full at primary level. Rather, the programme provides foundational language about our core identity as children of God to enable us to address specific issues with children and their families.

Marriage and Civil Partnership: 

The sessions “Who’s Who?” (EYFS Module 2.2.1), “Special People” (KS1 Module  2.2.1) and “Family, Friends and Others” (LKS2 Module 2.2.1) explore different family structures. They provide opportunities for children to share news about their own family structure in a non-judgemental forum and also provide opportunities for discussion about the different family structures given in the various stories and scenarios.  The decision on if and when to include same-sex partnerships, single-parent families or non-married parents within these discussions is discussed as and when appropriate to the learning intention of the lesson or when needed;  however, the foundation has been laid for a healthy conversation on these matters in these sessions. 

In the Paradise Street dramas (UKS2 Module 1), various family structures are represented through the characters in the films and there is discussion about specific family structures, such as families with ‘two mums and two dads’ in “Gifts and  Talents” KS2 Module 1.2.1. 

Pregnancy and maternity: 

Pregnancy is explored in age-appropriate ways throughout the primary  schools’ programme in the unit Life Cycles (All Key Stages, Module 1 Unit 4)


From the outset within the design of the programme, Ten Ten have been mindful of ensuring racial representation in our stories, dramas, appendices, scenarios and imagery. Building on a resource Life to the Full created for the Collective Worship programme in response to Black Lives Matter, our curriculum now has a new unit that explores racism. 

Religion and belief:  

Our pupils come to a deeper understanding of other world religions through our Come and See RE programme.  They will study a world religion each Autumn term, compassion towards and understanding of others is a constant theme of our learning programme.


Throughout the primary schools’ programme, the teaching, stories, videos and image  content establish an understanding of the equality of men and women, boys and  girls. For example, in the unit “Me, My Body, My Health” (All Key Stages, Module 1,  Unit 2) the discourse about the physical differences between boys and girls is  matched by teaching about gender equality and dispelling gender stereotypes. 

Sexual orientation: 

Attraction to the opposite sex is touched upon in UKS2 Module 1 within the  ‘Paradise Street’ series as part of a discussion around emotional changes. However,  sexual attraction as a subject is not addressed as part of the Life to the Full programme.   If asked, class teachers would factually discuss same-sex attraction, that there are many same-sex couples in society and that they can form loving relationships.

We are called to uphold the fundamental and innate dignity of the human person, especially if they are put at a disadvantage because of a protected characteristic. As the Catholic  Education Service document, Made in God’s Image, highlighted: 

‘Since Pope Benedict XVI underlined that this dignity is realised and protected in community with others (Caritas in Veritate 11)… any behaviour which undermines someone’s dignity is completely unacceptable and must be challenged in the context of a Christian community, which seeks to model God’s love and the values of His  Kingdom. '

‘Catholic schools should be havens of respect and custodians of the true dignity of each human being. They should be as attentive to the possibility of homosexual  pupils being marginalised and bullied as they are to discrimination based on religion,  gender, race or disability.’


At St. Cecilia's Catholic Primary School, we are committed to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children in all circumstances and expect all staff and volunteers to share this commitment. To read more about our commitment to safeguarding please view our safeguarding policy.